Thursday, December 25, 2003
Monday, December 22, 2003
Friday, December 19, 2003
Thursday, December 18, 2003
Wednesday, December 10, 2003
The regulations related to access to public information are very similar to the text of the Bill that currently is being discussed in the Argentine Senate. The difference is that this bill covers not only the Executive Power but not the Legislative or the Judicial Power, nor the Attorney General Office (Ministerio Publico) or the provincial governments (in this case a new law must be enacted in each province).
The Regulations apply only to the Executive power, its agencies, and the private companies in charge of a public service or that receive federal funds (art. 1). Every citizen is entitled to require public information (art. 6). No specific interest is required. Access to the information is free, except for the cost of obtaining the copies of the documents (art. 9). Petitions must be files in written (art. 10). The requested agency must provide the information in ten days (art. 10) and in difficult case there can be a time extension. Access to the information can be denied only if there is a clear exception in the decree of if it does not exist. Denial gives the right to lay a claim before a federal judge who may compel the administration to provide the information.
Exceptions are provided in the decree for (i) classified information (ii) information related to the financial and banking system (iii) trade secrets (iv) information elaborated or related to the financial and banking system (v) information concerning privileged relationships (vi) private matters and (vii) information that may jeopardize life or health of individuals.
Friday, November 21, 2003
A group of Brazilian Internet and direct-advertising companies has launched an anti-spam crusade they claim is unprecedented in scope anywhere in the world. It is based on a strict code of ethics for advertisers and the principle
that the industry can regulate itself. The code obliges email advertisers to tell consumers who they are, to observe
truth-in-advertising norms and to let recipients opt out of future mailings.
PROTECCION DE LOS DATOS PERSONALES
Primer caso judicial en el país contra el envío de correo basura por Internet.-
por Maria CopaniPor primera vez en la Argentina un juez se expide contra el envío de correo electrónico no solicitado, el llamado "correo basura" o "spam".
En una medida sin precedentes en el país, el juez Roberto Torti, a cargo del Juzgado Civil y Comercial Federal Nø 3, dictó una medida cautelar contra un emisor de correo electrónico no solicitado, quien deberá abstenerse de seguir enviando e-mails a los demandantes, al menos mientras dure el litigio.
La causa fue iniciada en febrero por Gustavo Daniel Tanús y Pablo Andrés Palazzi, quienes dijeron a Clarín que decidieron recurrir a la Justicia luego de haber solicitado reiteradamente ser excluidos de las listas de envío del "spammer".
"No hemos demandado a alguien que vende productos por correo electrónico, sino a alguien que vende bases de datos con e-mails de millones de usuarios de Internet", dijo Pablo Palazzi.
Ejerciendo un derecho Palazzi y Tanús, abogados especialistas en derecho informático y privacidad (que actuaron en calidad de damnificados), explicaron que en esta causa se ampararon en la Ley de Protección de Datos Personales.
No habiendo ley contra el spam —explicaron—, la Ley de Protección de Datos Personales (o Hábeas Data) regula —entre otras cuestiones— los archivos o bancos de datos con fines de publicidad y les da dos derechos a las personas que están registradas en esos bancos de datos:
1) Derecho a acceder sin cargo a la información que tengan sobre uno.
2) El titular podrá solicitar el retiro o bloqueo de su nombre de la base de datos.
"Es importante que una autoridad reconozca que el spam es una cosa seria y que advierta a los que se dedican a estas prácticas que no pueden ampararse en la falta de una ley específica", dijo Gustavo Tanús.
Esta medida cautelar obliga al demandado no sólo a abstenerse de enviar más e-mails a los dos demandantes, sino también a no ceder o transferir a terceros sus direcciones de correo electrónico u otros datos personales vinculados a ellos.
"Esta resolución reconoce que la dirección electrónica de una persona es un dato personal que merece protección", resaltó Tanús.
La base de datos que el demandado ha promocionado para la venta contiene, al parecer y según su propio creador, direcciones de e-mail de todo el mundo, categorizadas por países, ciudades, localidades, profesiones y hobbies. Además ofrece —comentó Tanús— "todo el software necesario para enviar e-mails ocultando la procedencia".
Luego de esta medida cautelar, tomada a nueve meses de iniciada la causa, el proceso sigue en marcha. Se trata del primer paso legal en Argentina contra el "spam", ese grave "efecto colateral" del correo electrónico.
Wednesday, November 19, 2003
by Pablo Palazzi
On November 11, 2003 a federal judge from the City of Buenos Aires issued the first injunction in a spam case. Plaintiffs Gustavo Daniel Tanus and Pablo Andres Palazzi, two national experts in data protection law, sued a well known spammer under the new data protection law of Argentina.
In their complaint the two plaintiffs argued that section 27 of the 2000 Argentine Data Protection Law gives them a right to opt out, which the spammer did not comply with when they asked to be removed from the database (They demanded that their email be deleted from the database).
The case spent almost the whole year in a discussion of jurisdiction between a federal judge and a commercial judge in Buenos Aires. Finally the federal court of appeals decided that the federal judge has jurisdiction to hear the case (see past report in this blog) due to the fact that the Internet was used to send the spam.
The judge decided that during this process the defendant should refrain from sending plaintifs additoinal e-mails. The injunction also forbids the transfer of the plaintiffs emails to third parties. His decision was based on the data protection law (section 1, 2, 5, 11 and 27).
Spam is starting to be regulated in Latin America. Recently, bills were introduced in Congress in Brazil, Argentina   and Chile. Brazil has also an open relays black list project (see here) and there are web sites and non for profit movement in Argentina (see Rompecadenas, Spambusters and Anti Spam) and Brazil (see http://www.antispam.org.br/ and ). There are also judicial rulings against spammers in Colombia and Brazil.
The decision is welcomed because spam was previously uncontrolled in Argentina (see 1, 2, 3, 4). Now that has changed.-
Thursday, November 06, 2003
by Roberto J Rodrigues - Ahmad Risk
This paper reviews trends and issues in health and in the information and communication technologies (ICT) market as they relate to the deployment of eHealth solutions in Latin America and the Caribbean. Heretofore designed for industrialized countries and large organizations, eHealth solutions are being proposed as an answer to a variety of health-system management problems and health care demands faced by all health organizations including those in developing societies. Particularly, eHealth is seen as especially useful in the operational support of the new health care models being implemented in many countries. The authors examine those developments vis-à-vis the characteristics of the Latin American and the Caribbean health-sector organizational preparedness and technological infrastructure, and propose policy and organizational actions to foster the development of eHealth solutions in the region.
Monday, October 27, 2003
Monday, September 29, 2003
Info about internet law in Brazil at
Sunday, September 28, 2003
A new global study of Internet censorship in over fifty countries and regions has found that Internet restrictions, government secrecy and communications surveillance have reached an unprecedented level across the world. The twelve-month study conducted by Privacy International and the GreenNet Educational Trust has found that a sharp escalation in control of the Internet since September 2001 may have outstripped the traditional ability of the medium to repel attempts at restriction. I wrote the Argentinean section and the general report about Latin America.
Monday, September 22, 2003
The Committee's assignments are, among others, to establish guidelines related to the use and development of the Internet in Brazil, including guidelines related to the organization of the relationships between the Government and society in the registration of Domain Names, in the allocation of Internet Protocol and administration of ccTLD (country code Top Level Domain), "br", as well as to take action regarding proposals of Internet rules and proceedings. The main change brought by the Decree is the possibility of Domain Name registrations, allocation of Internet Protocol and the administration regarding First Level Domain to be performed by a public or private entity, for non-profit purposes, and not necessarily by FAPESP (São Paulo State Foundation for the Research Support).
PARLAMENTARY INVESTIGATION COMMITTEE AGAINST COUNTERFEITING: A temporary Parliamentary Investigation Committee ("CPI") against counterfeiting has been established within the National Congress to gather denunciations regarding counterfeiting practice in Brazil. The denunciations are sent to competent authorities and are handled in complete secrecy.
Friday, September 19, 2003
Comments about the system should be sent to the Sub Director of Data Protection at email@example.com or to the data protection agency at Director Nacional de Protección de Datos Personales - Sarmiento 329 4º anexo - C.P.: C1041AAG -Tél./Fax: (54-11) 4394-2786 (Argentina).
Monday, September 08, 2003
On August 28, Senator Hélio Costa presented a Bill of Law against the practice of spamming in Brazil. According to this bill, companies would be able to send a spam message once and the message would disclose its subject matter and identify the sender’s name and address. This bill would prohibit companies from resending the messages without prior and express consent of the recipient. Further, the bill would allow recipients to require ISPs to block the receipt of unauthorized messages. The ISPs would have to comply with the blocking request within 24 hours of receiving the request. The bill is currently under discussion at the Constitution and Justice Committee of the Brazilian Senate.
Main source: Baker & McKenzie Ecommerce Alert, Date: 9/8/2003.-
More info at:
Sunday, August 31, 2003
Tuesday, August 26, 2003
Source: Baker & McKenzie Alert Date: 08/25/2003 at
Thursday, August 21, 2003
See decision at http://www.alfa-redi.org/upload/revista/80403--0-7-diaz082003.pdf
Monday, August 18, 2003
Saturday, August 16, 2003
Friday, August 08, 2003
Wednesday, July 16, 2003
Sunday, July 13, 2003
Monday, June 30, 2003
Decision at <http://europa.eu.int/comm/internal_market/privacy/docs/adequacy/decision-c2003-1731/decision-argentine_en.pdf>
Wednesday, June 25, 2003
Monday, June 16, 2003
The participants of the Seminar DATA PROTECTION IN LATIN AMERICA, in the city of Antigua, proposed to create an Iberoamerican Network of Data Protection. Mr. José Luis Piñar Mañas, the director of Agencia de Protección de Datos de España was pleased with the declaration of the Seminar. Thirteen diferents countries were represented at the Seminar, together with Italy and Spain. The Seminar was organized by the Agencia de Protección de Datos de España with the collaboration of Fundación Internacional y para Iberoamérica de Administración y Políticas Públicas y la Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional (AECI). The data protection director of the Spanish Agency said that the main problem in Latin America is the lack of data protection laws.
Speakers of the Conference at http://profesor.sis.uia.mx/aveleyra/comunica/privacidad/antigua/
Spanish Data Protection Agency´s Red Iberoamericana.
Final Declaration of La Antigua.
Friday, June 13, 2003
Monday, May 12, 2003
Pablo Palazzi, born in Argentina. Education: Argentine Catholic University Law School (Lawyer, 1995); Fordham University Law School (LL.M., 2000); admitted, 1995, Buenos Aires; 2001, New York. Senior Law Clerk to the Supreme Court of Argentina (2002-2004) Foreign Associate at Morrison & Forrester LLP, New York (2000-2001). Languages: Spanish, English, French and Italian. Practice Areas: Commercial Law; Intellectual Property; Computer and Internet Law. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
He can be reach at:
CABANELLAS, ETCHEBARNE, KELLY & DELL'ORO MAINI
San Martin 323, piso 17 - Buenos Aires - C1004AAG - Argentina
Tel: (5411) 4114-5593 / Fax: (5411) 4114-5555
e-mail: p.palazzi AT cekd.com